American College of Cardiology Foundation and the American Heart Association 

ACC/AHA 2005 guideline update for the diagnosis and management of chronic heart failure in the adult

British Association for Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation (BACPR)

Standards and core components for cardiovascular disease prevention and rehabilitation 2012

British Cardiovascular Society

Guidance on revalidation for cardiologists

British Heart Foundation

ICD deactivation at the end of life: Principles and practice


Acute kidney injury and sick day rules

Best practice tariff and national audit returns

Defining the specifics for the provision of heart failure services in secondary and tertiary care

European Society of Cardiology (ESC)

Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure

European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure Association

Standards for delivering heart failure care

Healthcare Improvement Scotland

Clinical standards for heart disease

National Health Service (NHS) Improvement

A guide for review and improvement of hospital based heart failure services

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE)

Acute heart failure diagnosis and management guidance; publicityBMJ article; Guardian article

Acute heart failure: diagnosis and management in adults quality standard

Chronic heart failure in adults: management guidance

Chronic heart failure in adults quality standard (published June 2011 including February 2016 updates)

Ivabradine for treating chronic heart failure technical appraisal guidance

Multimorbidity: clinical assessment and management

Sacubitril valsartan for treating symptomatic chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction technology appraisal guidance

Prophylaxis against infective endocarditis: antimicrobial prophylaxis against infective endocarditis in adults and children undergoing interventional procedure (published March 2008, updated July 2016;

Heart Research UK article)

Resuscitation Council (UK)

Cardiovascular implanted electronic devices (CIEDs); press release

The Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN)

Management of chronic heart failure

Think Kidneys

Sick day guidance

UK guidelines for referral and assessment of adults for heart transplantation

Author: Banner NR, Bonser RS, Clark AL et al
Reference: Heart 2011; 97: 1520-1527